Type: Urban Design, Competition (3rd Prize, Namtaeryeong Urban Research Competition)
Location: Seoul, Korea
Team: Jae K. Kim, Kyungtaeck Lee, Yoona Hong, Dongwon Lee
Smart Link: New Transportation Hub and Public Park Systems on the Recreated Topography
The project proposes a new transit and park system by the concept of topographic architecture and landscape recreated from an existing geography. The site is located in the border between Seoul and Gwacheon-si, where one of the commuters’ city to Seoul. The road through the site, Gwacheon-daero, is the only one connecting way of two big cites within 2km radius. Historically, this place has been important node for transportation. Also, in the developing era of Korea in the 20th Centuries, the site was activated for granite excavation, which currently is declining. In this context of transportation and declining mining industry, the main issues of the site are heavy traffic and how to rehabilitate the abandoned quarry sites.
Urban Design Strategy
The complex situation of the site has degenerated after the completion of Gangnam Beltway in the year 2010. This complexity resulted from two roads --the beltway and an existing road--, quarry sites, business, and commercial buildings which recently emerges in neighboring areas, constrain to establish urban design guidelines in terms of form, circulation, and zoning. In this reason, to overcome these limitations, topographic strategy of architecture and landscape became a main design strategy in order to generate the urban design rules.
The idea to resolve current heavy traffic is to create a new transit place and transportation system. Taking into account the existing plan of Seoul metropolitan government wishing to provide publicly sharing electric cars and transit nodes, the project proposes a new transit hub, the Smart Hub. The Hub is the place in which commuters can transfer their conventional gasoline vehicles, bikes, and public transportation to vehicles without emissions such as electric cars for their final destinations. In virtue of new systems, it is anticipated to reduce half an hour of commuting time from Gwacheon to the central business distict of Seoul.
Renewable Energy Park
The project is self-sufficient. Renewable energy plants generate all the energy needed for the project such as charging vehicles and maintaining facilities. Photovoltaic panels in old quarry’s cliff in the South and rooftop gardens are main source of energy. Moreover, wind turbines alongside the public park could be additional source for project’s self-sufficiency.